According to the Opinions of the State Council on Promoting the Healthy Development of the Maritime Transport Industry, by 2020, China will basically have built a modern maritime transport system that is safe, convenient, efficient, green and internationally competitive.
This year is the opening year of the 13th Five-Year Plan. The HKAC representatives who participated in the National "Two Conferences" focused on the "13th Five-Year Plan" planning goals and made suggestions from multiple perspectives to "open the pulse" for the healthy development of the HKAC industry. ", to promote the industry to write a new chapter. To this end, the reporter wrote "The Voice of Hong Kong Airlines of the National" Two Conferences "to focus on reporting."
PM2 .5 has aroused increasing attention to air quality and unprecedented attention to marine emissions. In the past, maritime transport was long regarded as an environmentally friendly mode of transportation. Nowadays, due to the increasing attention to environmental issues and the emissions of atmospheric particles from ships and ports, it has caused widespread discussion and has become one of the hot issues in large coastal port cities. During the 13th Five-Year Plan period, the green development of maritime transport and the establishment of emission control areas were put on the agenda and gradually promoted.
Gao Meiqin, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, said that oily sewage, domestic sewage, garbage, and gas emitted from diesel fuel during the operation of ships are important pollution sources, which not only harm the seawater environment of the river, but also threaten the atmospheric environment of the port. Can not be underestimated. We need to strengthen ecological construction and protection, and strengthen national standards for sewage disposal, promote the green development of shipping in the Yangtze River, strengthen the prevention and control of ship pollution and promote the application of clean energy ship types.
The Changhai Administration will accelerate the development of Changjiang shipping, which is characterized by green and environmental protection, to provide a solid guarantee and support for the construction of the Yangtze River economic belt, said Tang. We will strengthen the research and application of new technologies, implement the strictest environmental protection system, speed up the transformation of the development model, establish a sound system of policies, regulations, standards, monitoring and evaluation, implement comprehensive measures in a scientific manner, and promote the implementation of the Green Yangtze River project. We will strictly control pollution from ships and ports, promote the use of shore power for ships, set up off-loading zones for ships, and lay out hazmat vessel washing stations to protect the ecological environment. At the same time, the Tang champion believes that the appropriate increase in the flood control water level of the Three Gorges Water Control Project has been demonstrated.
Yangxiaoxia, a deputy to the National people's Congress, said that air pollution from coastal ships should not be overlooked and that legislation and standards should be strengthened as soon as possible. The lack of environmental protection standards for ships and the lag in environmental protection management of ships are also important reasons for pollution of ships. It is proposed that the National Environmental Protection department take the lead in drafting mandatory laws and regulations to limit the emission of pollutants in ports. Formulate preferential policies on the construction of clean energy facilities in ports and the mandatory use of clean energy prices. The maritime department shall strengthen the supervision and administration of ships entering Hong Kong, and all ships entering Hong Kong shall use low-sulfur diesel fuel and shall be punished for violating the regulations. We will strengthen the construction of green ports, implement the "oil and gas conversion" of trailers in Hong Kong, and adopt LNG trailers to reduce the emission of exhaust gas from Hong Kong ships.
Jiangnan Shipbuilding Chief Engineer Hukeyi suggested that China should pay more attention to the environmental pollution caused by ship emissions, take the construction of shipping centers as an opportunity to speed up the implementation of emission standards in coastal areas, and promote the application and matching of new or alternative energy sources. And improve the collection and transportation and transportation to improve the overall emission reduction effect.
The 13th Five-Year Plan clearly put forward the contents of "water pollution control and comprehensive environmental remediation in Hangzhou Bay and other places", "implementation of source management in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, and other rivers and lakes," and "promotion of comprehensive management of the Yangtze River and other seven major river basins." It pointed out that provinces and cities should cooperate and cooperate. Promote joint prevention and control of environmental pollution.
Hong Kong Airlines Enterprise Integration
According to the plan, by 2020, the competitiveness of China's shipping industry will be significantly improved, the world position of maritime services exports will be further improved, and the balance of imports and exports will be significantly improved, forming a number of large-scale and powerful shipping enterprise groups.
On December 29 last year, the SASAC announced that with the approval of the State Council, China Overseas Airlines Group was incorporated into China Merchants Group as a whole and became a wholly-owned subsidiary of China Merchants Group.
The China Ocean Shipping Group, which was formed by the merger of the former COSCO and China Sea's two shipping companies, was established in Shanghai on February 18. The reorganization involved a total of 74 asset transactions with a transaction value of 60 billion yuan, which was described by the industry as the most complex transaction in the history of capital markets.
Xulirong, chairman of the China Ocean Shipping Group, said that the shipping industry has continued to be sluggish. In the past, the two companies were separate and their layout was homogenous. They had no advantage in the subdivision market and could not stand on the heels of international competition. After the resources are integrated, the resources of the two companies are amplified to produce greater synergies and scale effects. Through the integration, China Ocean Shipping Group has become the world's first comprehensive transportation capacity company. The integrated China Ocean Shipping Group has total assets of 610 billion yuan and 118,000 employees. The fleet's comprehensive capacity, dry bulk cargo capacity, tanker capacity, and general cargo special vessel capacity are the world's top four indicators, container terminals, berths, and throughput. Six indicators such as ship fuel sales rank among the top in the world.
In addition to the integration of shipping companies, the integration of ports in the region is also the general trend. According to Zhaonan, director of the port Research Office of the Shanghai International Shipping Research Center, from the perspective of national strategy, it gradually changes from a single point to a regional development, and the integration of port resources is just in line with the trend of national strategy change. From the provincial level, the port has a great role in driving the urban economy. All local governments hope to enhance regional competitiveness through the integration of local port resources. From the point of view of the port itself, many companies have developed a large number of port port and shore lines, and the port development function is the same, and the competition between ports for homogenization is serious. Through the integration of port resources, the capital between ports can be integrated as a link, which is conducive to the healthy development of the entire port group and avoids vicious competition. In addition, through the integration of resources, resource utilization can be improved and over-exploitation of port resources can be avoided.
Improving the environment for shipping services
Industry insiders told reporters that promoting shipping service clusters, extending the upstream and downstream industrial chains of the shipping industry, building local shipping exchanges, and developing shipping finance and derivatives and other shipping service elements are important ways to improve the overall configuration and competitiveness of shipping. During the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, in addition to paying attention to hardware investment and improvement, all localities have clearly proposed to improve the soft environment of shipping services.
Since building a "maritime power" has become a national strategy, in response to the situation of restructuring of the maritime market, the four ministries and commissions have jointly issued the "Administrative Measures on the Central Financial Subsidy Special Fund for Old Transport Ships and Single Shell Tankers." This has vigorously promoted the restructuring of maritime transport capacity. According to people familiar with the matter, during the 13th Five-Year Plan period, it is also necessary to draw on the experience of developed countries to study and improve fiscal and tax policies involving international shipping, and to implement maritime economic policies that are comparable to those of other shipping powers.
Taking port construction fees and other administrative fees as an example, the proportion of this fee in the overall port costs is higher than that of similar foreign countries. Although the port system has been reformed and the government and enterprises have been separated, most of the public infrastructure construction involving ports is borne by port enterprises themselves, but port construction costs still need to be handed over to the central and local governments. Experts suggested that the national and provincial governments should give more policy support in recruiting talents during the 13th Five-Year Plan period.Recently, the reporter further combed out and found that the "13th Five-Year Plan" shipping road map has a lot of points, to sum up several key words.
Speed up construction of shipping center
The positioning of Shanghai's construction of the "four centers" was first clarified when the State Council approved the "Shanghai City Master Plan" in 2001. In addition to Shanghai, the shipping centers currently recognized at the national level include Tianjin, Dalian, Xiamen, Nanjing, Wuhan, Chongqing, and Qingdao, Guangzhou, Shenzhen and many other shipping centers built by local governments. These shipping centers are positioned as three levels based on their own advantages and characteristics: the first level serves the global shipping market and has global shipping resource allocation capabilities, such as the Shanghai Shipping Center; The second level has regional international service capabilities, such as Tianjin Shipping Center; The third level serves the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, such as the Wuhan Shipping Center. The shipping center at any level plays an extremely important role in boosting the development of regional economic integration.
The construction of Shanghai's "four centers" also appeared in the planning of the Yangtze River Economic Belt. The plan proposed that Shanghai should play the "leading role of the four centers". This means that the construction of the "four centers" will be an important part of the national strategy to promote the construction of the Yangtze River economic belt.
The 13th Five-Year Plan proposes in the chapter "Urbanization Layout" that "the construction of world-class urban agglomerations in the Yangtze River Delta". The group includes 26 cities in Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui and other provinces and cities. This is the most developed urban area in China with the highest concentration of towns and cities, accounting for only 2.1 % of the country's land area. It has concentrated 1/4 of the country's total economic output and more than 1/4 of its industrial added value. That means a lot to Shanghai. Experts say this means a shift in Shanghai's approach to development from an urban perspective to a new dimension of "urban agglomeration" and regional integration.
During the 13th Five-Year Plan period, the Wuhan Yangtze River Central Shipping Center will be basically completed. There are 169 construction projects planned for five years and nearly 200 billion yuan of investment is planned to be completed. Guangdong, Tianjin and other places have also proposed to increase the construction of shipping centers, the air port two-wheel drive has become the goal of development everywhere.
Experts pointed out that the construction of shipping centers is of great significance to the economic transformation and long-term development of cities. With the layout of a full-range and open shipping center as the master, we will lead the rapid development of economic centers and trade centers, promote the linkage of shipping centers, financial centers, and trade centers, and gather people, logistics, and capital flows around the world. We will attach great importance to the construction of shipping centers, draw on the experience of the construction of shipping centers in free port areas around the world, create unique international shipping cities, and build a new layout for all-round opening up of interconnected development.
Improve the collective transport system
Infrastructure connectivity and improved port transportation systems are not only an objective requirement for the construction of shipping centers, but also a priority area for the Belt and Road Initiative.
The western region will make use of its geographical advantages to promote connectivity with the backbone networks of neighboring countries and improve transport facilitation. Yunnan Province has unique geographical advantages for "Sanya"(East Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia) and "Two Oceans"(Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean). During the 13th Five-Year Plan period, Yunnan Province strived to form a comprehensive and open international transportation channel. We will fully cooperate with the state in promoting the development of international roads such as China-Myanmar, China-Laos, Thailand, and Mongolia-China-India-Myanmar, and speed up the connectivity of key road networks in neighboring countries. We will coordinate transport facilitation measures between China, Laos and Vietnam at the national level, promote the negotiation and signing of China-Myanmar and China-Laos transport agreements, deepen bilateral and multilateral transport cooperation, and further enhance international transport facilitation.
As the core area of the Silk Road Economic Belt, during the 13th Five-Year Plan period, Xinjiang Autonomous Region made great efforts to open up transport connectivity to the West. On the one hand, we will speed up the construction of major highways in the region, strengthen the connectivity between external channels and domestic road networks, and promote policy communication, smooth trade, financial integration, and people-to-people exchanges through transportation networks. On the other hand, we will strengthen the development of international road transport, actively cooperate with the Ministry of Transport to open up multilateral international road transport routes such as China-Kazakhstan, China-Mongolia and Russia, and increase the coverage and depth of transport routes. We will actively promote the development of international road transport in China, Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, China, Pakistan, and Mongolia. We will continue to implement demonstration projects for international road transport brands and strive to improve service quality.
The eastern coastal areas will give full play to the advantages of ports, speed up the construction of maritime transport routes, and improve the function of international maritime transport services.
The Yangtze River Economic Belt spans the Zhongxisanda area and covers 11 provinces and 600 million people. It has unique advantages and huge development potential. The Yangtze river is the world's largest inland waterway in terms of cargo volume. Last year, the Yangtze line exceeded 2.18 billion tons. During the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, local transportation departments will focus on improving the functions of the Yangtze River Golden Waterway and accelerating the construction of comprehensive three-dimensional transportation corridors along the river. This year and the next five years, all regions will take the Yangtze River Golden Waterway as the main axis, strengthen the railway transportation network along the river, optimize the road transportation network, expand the air transportation network, and speed up the construction of a comprehensive transportation channel.
According to the Outline of the 13th Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development of Fujian Province, as the core area of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, Fujian's 13th Five-Year Plan will build an important hub for connectivity. We will strengthen the construction of sea corridors, promote cooperation with ports and ports in countries and regions along the "Haisi" line, and strive to open Fujian-Taiwan-Hong Kong-ASEAN cruise routes. We will strengthen the construction of aviation hubs and air passages and actively expand overseas routes. We will improve land and sea transport routes and promote the construction of land routes, with the emphasis on port transportation systems. We will improve the port customs clearance system and speed up the construction of port infrastructure. We will actively build strategic corridors and integrated hubs in the core areas of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, which serves the whole country and faces the world.
In southern China, the 13th Five-Year Plan period in Guangdong Province will accelerate the construction of logistics hubs in the Dawan District of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, establish a comprehensive logistics channel based on Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macao, radiation and Asia Pacific, and face the world, and smooth land and sea transport routes with countries and regions along the route. We will establish port cooperation mechanisms with countries and regions along the routes to promote the integration of logistics information. At the same time, we will speed up the construction of modern shipping service clusters, promote innovation in shipping policies in free trade pilot zones, and improve the function of international shipping services.
The Guangxi Autonomous Region will make use of the unique advantages of its land and sea neighbors with ASEAN countries, make great efforts to build and improve the international routes for the provinces to and from the sea, strengthen infrastructure connectivity with South and Southeast Asian countries, and rationalize the scale, structure and layout of the integrated transport network. At the same time, we will further strengthen openness and cooperation, expand radiation coverage, improve international transport facilitation services, and accelerate the formation of a new pattern of transportation along the coast and along the river.
In the next five years, Liaoning Province in the Northeast region will promote the construction of comprehensive transportation routes such as "Liao Man Europe", "Liao Meng Europe" and "Liao Hai Europe", and will focus on the transportation organization methods such as rolling transportation, hanging transportation, and urban distribution. We will strengthen the effective connection between major cities, industrial parks, logistics parks and major thoroughfares, and improve the integration of port customs clearance.
In addition, according to the plan, this year and the next five years, the transportation departments of the three places in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei will take the lead in promoting the integration of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei transportation through positive actions such as strengthening infrastructure construction and improving comprehensive transportation services.